To be is the most common verbs in the English language. The verb to be is an irregular verb, in fact the most irregular verb in the English language. To be changes depending on how to be agrees with the subject. It will change depending on whether it is used for the first, second, or third person. It will also change whether it is used for the past, present or future. It will also change whether it is used for singular nouns or plural nouns. The to be verb takes the forms of;
The “to be” verb is used to create the continuous and the perfect continuous forms.
It is also used to create a passive voice;
|Present Tense||Past Tense||Perfect Form (past participle)||Progressive Form (present participle)|
|I||am||was||have been||I am being|
|You/we/they||are||were||Were been||Are being|
|He/She/It||is||was||Was been||Is being|
|Singular Noun||Is||Was||Was been||Is being|
|Plural nouns||Are||Were||Were been||Are being|
Knowing that the verb “to be” changes in accordance to the subject and tense, it important to know the verb “to be” functions in various ways;
As a main verb “to be” is often used in brief short sentences;
The verb “to have” is used as an auxiliary verb to help other verbs create the tenses or an auxiliary to a gerund or participle.
“To be” can also acts as a linking verb. It joins the subject with an adjective or a phrasal noun that renames or defines the subject. As a linking verb, to be does not create an action.
The perfect continuous indicates a continuous action that has been finished at some point in the past or that was initiated in the past and continues to happen. The action is usually of limited duration and has some current relevance:
The perfect continuous uses the verb have or has.
Present Perfect Continuous
The present perfect continuous is used with actions that began in the past and are still continuing.
It’s made with the present tense of have + been + present participle (root + ‑ing). You’ll most often see this verb tense used with the words for and since.
Past Perfect Continuous
The past perfect continuous is used when one activity in the past was happening before or after another activity had taken place.
The past perfect continuous is written by using the past tense of have + been + present participle. Look for the words for, since, and before.
Future Perfect Continuous
The future perfect continuous tense is used much like the future perfect, but one of the actions is likely to continue beyond the other. It can also be used when one action will be continuing at a certain time in the future.
Create the future perfect continuous this way: will + have + been + present participle (root + ‑ing). Look for key words like in and by.
The perfect form is used when an action has occurred and has ended, except in the present tense where it may be still under consideration.
In the perfect form will use an auxiliary verb + the past form of the main verb (or the past participle sometimes known as Verb 3)
The present perfect is used when an action began in the past yet is still relevant. It’s created by using the present tense of have/has + past form of the verb (known as (the past participle or verb 3).
The past perfect tense is used to show that one action has finishes before a second action begins. When words like before and after are used this indicates that the past perfect tense may be in use. The past perfect is created by using had + past participle.
The future perfect is used when an action will be finished before something else happens in the future. It’s made by using will + have + the past participle.
The continuous form is used when an action has occurred and the action is continuing. Often known as the “ing” form
When something has stated and is still happening at the same time the person is talking about it. We form it by using the present tense of be + present participle (the root word + ‑ing).
The past continuous form is used to refer to temporal situations when something happened in the past continued to occur, but has now ceased. It’s made with the past tense of be + the present participle (the root word = ‑ing).
The future continuous relates one action in the future to another specific action or time. It is made by using will + be + present participle (root word + ‑ing).
The simple form is used when something happens and then ceases to happen.
The Simple Present
The simple present tense used when an action is happening at the present moment, or when it happens regularly or does not cease happening. The simple present tense is formed by using the infinitive (or root form) except in the to be forms of the verbs.
When talking about the 3rd person the simple present adds ‑s or ‑es to the end.
The Simple Past
The simple past refers to things that happened in the past, and are no longer doing it.
Regular verbs are changed by adding a V+ed or in the case of the verb ending in e d is added Ve +d, onto the root form.
Irregular verbs are a little more difficult, and you either have to learn them by heart, or check a dictionary.
Some verbs don’t change from their present form.
The Past Simple is often taught as Verb 2 in ESL classes. Students will spend hours memorising and chanting irregular verbs. In order to learn them.
|Verb 1||Verb 2||Verb 3|
The Simple Future
The simple future is the tense we use when something will begin and end at later time. It’s created by putting will in front of the root word.
The Infinitive Form is also known as the Root Form. It is when the verb is at it’s most basic form. It is the version of the verb which will appear in the dictionary. When a verb is preceded by the word to, it is said to be in its infinitive form (i.e., its most basic form). The infinitive form of a verb is usually preceded by to (e.g., to run, to dance, to think). However the infinitive form is not always preceded by to.
Verbs are one of the most important types of words in the English language. Along with nouns, verbs can help you establish your first sentences. Often referred to as an action word or doing word, a verb also conveys
Verbs change depending on the time that the action takes place. It is called the verb tense. Although less common, they can also change depending on who is doing the action. The verbs can change depending on whether it is referring to the first person, the second person, or the third person. They can also change depending on whether the noun is singular, or plural, or non countable. Verbs can be categorised as
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