Perfect Form (Aspect)

The perfect form is used when an action has occurred and has ended, except in the present tense where it may be still under consideration.

In the perfect form will use an auxiliary verb + the past form of the main verb (or the past participle sometimes known as Verb 3)

Present Perfect

The present perfect is used when an action began in the past yet is still relevant. It’s created by using the present tense of have/has + past form of the verb (known as (the past participle or verb 3).

  • I have been
  • You have stopped
  • You’ve left the building
  • He has arrived

Past Perfect

The past perfect tense is used to show that one action has finishes before a second action begins. When words like before and after are used this indicates that the past perfect tense may be in use. The past perfect is created by using had + past participle.

  • After he had eaten dinner, he went to sleep
  • He ate dinner before he had gone to sleep
  • The bride arrived but not until the groom had entered.

Future Perfect

The future perfect is used when an action will be finished before something else happens in the future. It’s made by using will + have + the past participle.

  • He will have found the watch by the time he goes home
  • She will have drunk all the wine before they arrive.
  • Will you have taken the bus before you arrive home?
  • The student will have studied by tomorrow

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